A model to measure the spread power of rumors

Taymaz Akan


With technologies that have democratized the production and reproduction of information, a signifcant portion of daily interacted posts in social media has been infected by rumors. Despite the extensive research on rumor detection and verifcation, so far, the problem of calculating the spread power of rumors has not been considered. To address this research gap, the present study seeks a model to calculate the Spread Power of Rumor (SPR) as the function of content-based features in two categories: False Rumor (FR) and True Rumor (TR). For this purpose, the theory of Allport and Postman will be adopted, which it claims that importanc . . .e and ambiguity are the key variables in rumor-mongering and the power of rumor. Totally 42 content features in two categories “importance” (28 features) and “ambiguity” (14 features) are introduced to compute SPR. The proposed model is evaluated on two datasets, Twitter and Telegram. The results showed that (i) the spread power of False Rumor documents is rarely more than True Rumors. (ii) there is a signifcant diference between the SPR means of two groups False Rumor and True Rumor. (iii) SPR as a criterion can have a positive impact on distinguishing False Rumors and True Rumors Daha fazlası Daha az

Battle royale optimizer for training multi-layer perceptron

Saeid Agahian | Taymaz Akan


Artificial neural network (ANN) is one of the most successful tools in machine learning. The success of ANN mostly depends on its architecture and learning procedure. Multi-layer perceptron (MLP) is a popular form of ANN. Moreover, backpropagation is a well-known gradient-based approach for training MLP. Gradient-based search approaches have a low convergence rate therefore, they may get stuck in local minima, which may lead to performance degradation. Training the MLP is accomplished based on minimizing the total network error, which can be considered as an optimization problem. Stochastic optimization algorithms are proven to be e . . .ffective when dealing with such problems. Battle royale optimization (BRO) is a recently proposed population-based metaheuristic algorithm which can be applied to single-objective optimization over continuous problem spaces. The proposed method has been compared with backpropagation (Generalized learning delta rule) and six well-known optimization algorithms on ten classification benchmark datasets. Experiments confirm that, according to error rate, accuracy, and convergence, the proposed approach yields promising results and outperforms its competitors Daha fazlası Daha az

Battle Royale Optimizer with a New Movement Strategy

SARA AKAN | Taymaz Akan

Makale | 2022 | Springer Link

Gamed-based is a new stochastic metaheuristics optimization category that is inspired by traditional or digital game genres. Unlike SI-based algorithms, individuals do not work together with the goal of defeating other individuals and winning the game. Battle royale optimizer (BRO) is a Gamed-based metaheuristic optimization algorithm that has been recently proposed for the task of continuous problems. This paper proposes a modified BRO (M-BRO) in order to improve balance between exploration and exploitation. For this matter, an additional movement operator has been used in the movement strategy. Moreover, no extra parameters are re . . .quired for the proposed approach. Furthermore, the complexity of this modified algorithm is the same as the original one. Experiments are performed on a set of 19 (unimodal and multimodal) benchmark functions (CEC 2010). The proposed method has been compared with the original BRO alongside six well-known/recently proposed optimization algorithms. The results show that BRO with additional movement operator performs well to solve complex numerical optimization problems compared to the original BRO and other competitors Daha fazlası Daha az

BinBRO: Binary Battle Royale Optimizer algorithm

Taymaz Akan

Makale | 2022 | Expert Systems with Applications

Stochastic methods attempt to solve problems that cannot be solved by deterministic methods with reasonable time complexity. Optimization algorithms benefit from stochastic methods; however, they do not guarantee to obtain the optimal solution. Many optimization algorithms have been proposed for solving problems with continuous nature; nevertheless, they are unable to solve discrete or binary problems. Adaptation and use of continuous optimization algorithms for solving discrete problems have gained growing popularity in recent decades. In this paper, the binary version of a recently proposed optimization algorithm, Battle Royale Op . . .timization, which we named BinBRO, has been proposed. The proposed algorithm has been applied to two benchmark datasets: the uncapacitated facility location problem, and the maximum-cut graph problem, and has been compared with 6 other binary optimization algorithms, namely, Particle Swarm Optimization, different versions of Genetic Algorithm, and different versions of Artificial Bee Colony algorithm. The BinBRO-based algorithms could rank first among those algorithms when applying on all benchmark datasets of both problems, UFLP and Max-Cut. © 2022 Elsevier Lt Daha fazlası Daha az

Automatic personality prediction: an enhanced method using ensemble modeling

Taymaz Akan

Makale | 2022 | ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Human personality is significantly represented by those words which he/she uses in his/her speech or writing. As a consequence of spreading the information infrastructures (specifically the Internet and social media), human communications have reformed notably from face to face communication. Generally, Automatic Personality Prediction (or Perception) (APP) is the automated forecasting of the personality on different types of human generated/exchanged contents (like text, speech, image, video, etc.). The major objective of this study is to enhance the accuracy of APP from the text. To this end, we suggest five new APP methods includ . . .ing term frequency vector-based, ontology-based, enriched ontologybased, latent semantic analysis (LSA)-based, and deep learning-based (BiLSTM) methods. These methods as the base ones, contribute to each other to enhance the APP accuracy through ensemble modeling (stacking) based on a hierarchical attention network (HAN) as the meta-model. The results show that ensemble modeling enhances the accuracy of APP Daha fazlası Daha az

6698 sayılı Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu kapsamında yükümlülüklerimiz ve çerez politikamız hakkında bilgi sahibi olmak için alttaki bağlantıyı kullanabilirsiniz.

Bu site altında yer alan tüm kaynaklar Creative Commons Alıntı-GayriTicari-Türetilemez 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.